Dental implant technology was developed by Dr Branemark more than 50 years ago. This orthopedic surgeon quickly understood that maxillofacial applications to his implants would greatly benefit the aging and toothless population handicapped by full edentulism.
Over the years, implant technology has evolved from complete edentulism to single tooth restoration. Despite advanced research, this technology remains expensive due to the miniature titanium structures representing dental roots. Many companies manifacture dental implants, but it is commonly advised to choose a reknown company which will be present in the future in case of system component replacement needs.
Mastering implantology skills and technology requires many hours of training, and depending on the clinical situation requires the work of a Maxillofacial Surgeon Specialist. The indepth training of the Maxillofacial Surgeon Specialist is unquestionably extremely relevant to dental implant reconstruction. The complete or partial edentulism often brings about loss of bone structure which consequently has a major effect on the aesthetic and function of future dental implants. If bone grafting is required, the maxillofacial surgeon will advise you on the best possible option suitable to your situation.
The dental implant itself is made primarily of a titanium screw which will replace the natural root of the tooth. Dental implants have screw threads in the external part to stabilize them in the bone and threads on the inside to subsequently receive a crown. When inserted, the implants must be integrated by the human body in your bone tissue. Natural bone remodeling around the implant will take place and after two months the implant should be fully fused. The success rate of this fusion hovers around 95%. There are factors that can prevent this integration to take place: smoking, periodontal diseases, certain medications, presence of pressure or force on the implant while integration to name a few. By evaluating your medical history as well as your particular oral situation, the surgeon will be in a position to advise you if you are a good candidate for dental implants.
As previously mentioned, dental implants can replace one or many teeth in order to support a bridge or even a complete denture. Complete dentures can be either removable or fixed on implants. The technique used to fix a complete denture on implants on the same day of implant placement, is known as the ‘All on Four’ technique.
Implant restoration often represents quite an investment in terms of time and money. It is strongly advised to take time to fully understand this option before undertaking such a treatment. An estimate of the work to be done as well as a demonstration using models/pictures of similar cases to yours can be presented to you during the appointment.