Gums inside the mouth are normally smooth and light pink in color. Any change of appearance can indicate a pathological process; the most serious being oral cancer.
- Red spots (erythroplakia) or white spots (leukoplakia) in the mouth.
- An ulcer that doesn’t heal after 2 to 3 weeks or bleeds easily.
- A lump, a mass or thickening of the gums.
- Sudden numbness of the lower lip.
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing.
- Chronic sore throat and hoarse voice for more than a few weeks.
Oral cancer represents 2 to 3% of all cancers worldwide. The main risk factors are smoking and alcohol. Early detection and quick management greatly improve prognosis. During your annual check-up, your dentist will proceed to a full examination of your mouth to ensure that no suspicious lesions have developed.